The five-member Bexar County Commissioners Court governs Bexar County. Commissioners Court consists of the elected County Judge and four elected precinct Commissioners. The County Judge serves as the presiding officer of Commissioners Court and the spokesperson and ceremonial head of Bexar County government.
Despite its name, Commissioners Court is not a judicial court. Rather, its responsibilities are executive and administrative. The Court´s major duties include:
- Setting the tax rate and adopting the County budget;
- Establishing voting precincts, appointing precinct judges, and calling County bond elections;
- Building and maintaining County roads and bridges;
- Approving speed and stop zones in unincorporated areas;
- Building, maintaining, and improving County facilities, including jails;
- Approving plats for residential development in unincorporated areas;
- Letting contracts and authorizing payment of all County bills;
- Appointing certain county officials and hiring personnel; and
- Filling elective and appointive vacancies (1)
(1) Answer adapted from An Introduction to Texas County Government, 1980, by the Texas Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.