Civil Cases

All civil cases filed in JP Courts now fall under Justice Court. The rules of Texas Rules of Civil Procedure Part V, Rule 500 through 510 govern these cases.

There are four types of civil cases that can be filed in Justice Court:

Evictions

Eviction Form (PDF Document)

An eviction case is a lawsuit brought to recover possession of real property, often by a landlord against a tenant. A claim for rent may be joined with an eviction case if the amount of rent due and unpaid is not more than $10,000 excluding statutory interest and court costs but including attorney fees, if any. (Governed by Rules 500-507 and 510 of Part V of the Rules of Civil Procedure (PDF Document). To the extent of any conflict between Rule 510 and the rest of Part V, Rule 510 applies.)

Small Claims

Small Claims Form (PDF Document)

A small claims case is a lawsuit brought for the recovery of money damages, civil penalties, personal property, or other relief allowed by law. The claim can be for no more than $10,000 excluding statutory interest and court costs but including attorney fees, if any. (Governed by Rules 500.-507. of Part V of the Rules of Civil Procedure (PDF Document))

Debt Claim

Debt Claim Form (PDF Document)

A debt claim case is a lawsuit brought to recover a debt by an assignee of a claim, a debt collector or collection agency, a financial institution, or a person or entity primarily engaged in the business of lending money at interest. The claim can be for no more than $10,000, excluding statutory interest and court costs but including attorney fees, if any. (Governed by Rules 500-507 and 508 of Part V of the Rules of Civil Procedure (PDF Document). To the extent of any conflict between Rule 508 and the rest of Part V, Rule 508 applies.)

Repair and Remedy

Repair and Remedy Form (PDF Document)

A repair and remedy case is a lawsuit filed by a residential tenant under Chapter 92, Subchapter B of the Texas Property Code to enforce the landlord's duty to repair or remedy a condition materially affecting the physical health or safety of an ordinary tenant. The relief sought can be for no more than $10,000, excluding statutory interest and court costs but including attorney fees, if any. (Governed by Rules 500-507 and 509 of Part V of the Rules of Civil Procedure (PDF Document). To the extent of any conflict between Rule 509 and the rest of Part V, Rule 509 applies.)

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